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  4. <title>FSFE - Open Standards - Overview</title>
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  7. <h1>Open Standards</h1>
  8. <p align="center">[ overview | <a href="def.html">definition</a> ]</p>
  9. <p class="background">
  10. Lock-in of data is one of the most common techniques to artificially
  11. raise the cost of migration to Free Software. Ensuring the best possible
  12. interoperability through Open Standards is essential in enabling users
  13. to escape vendor lock-in. FSFE's work on Open Standards has the goal of
  14. making sure that people do not have to lose all their data when
  15. migrating to Free Software.
  16. </p>
  17. <h2>Introduction</h2>
  18. <p>The relevance of Open Standards is closely linked to networking
  19. effects, and has consequently been rising dramatically. The reward
  20. for gaming the system for proprietary vendors is increasing, so is
  21. the cost for users of software.</p>
  22. <p>Governments, public interest NGOs, including groups that are
  23. concerned about freedom of competition or consumer rights are
  24. generally strong proponents of Open Standards. Typical critics are
  25. the proprietary software vendors and those that represent their
  26. interests. One of the items that critics seek to highlight is the
  27. inherent conflict between innovation and standardisation.</p>
  28. <p>Standardisation deliberately limits changes to a technological
  29. basis, including innovation. These limits are introduced in order
  30. to allow subsequent innovation by everyone that has access to the
  31. standard and not just the party that controls the technological
  32. basis. So standards limit the ability to innovate by a single
  33. party in order to allow innovation on the basis of that standard
  34. by multiple parties.</p>
  35. <p><a href="def">Open Standards</a> allow such innovation by all
  36. parties with no leverage for the initial developer of the platform
  37. to limit such innovation or the competition it represents.</p>
  38. <p>FSFE's goals include freedoms from lock-in, of innovation and
  39. competition for everyone. That is why FSFE is a strong supporter
  40. of <a href="def">Open Standards</a>.</p>
  41. <h2>Publications</h2>
  42. <dynamic-content />
  43. <ul>
  44. <li>"<a href="ps.html">Analysis on balance: Standardisation and Patents</a>"<br />by <a href="/about/greve/">Georg Greve</a></li>
  45. </ul>
  46. <h3>Publications at the IGF</h3>
  47. <ul>
  48. <li>"<a href="/projects/igf/sovsoft">Sovereign Software: Open Standards, Free Software, and the Internet</a>"<br />FSFE contribution to the first <a href="/projects/igf/igf">IGF</a>, by <a href="/about/greve/">Georg Greve</a></li>
  49. </ul>
  50. <h3>Publications on MS-OOXML</h3>
  51. <ul>
  52. <li><a href="/documents/msooxml-questions">Six questions to national standardisation bodies</a></li>
  53. <li>FSFE Context Briefing: "<a href="/documents/msooxml-interoperability">Interoperability woes with MS-OOXML</a>"</li>
  54. <li>FSFE Context Briefing: "<a href="/documents/msooxml-idiosyncrasies">DIS-29500: Deprecated before use?</a>"</li>
  55. <li>Article on BBC: "<a href="/documents/msooxml-questions-for-ms">Questions for Microsoft on open formats</a>"</li>
  56. <li>Article on Heise.de: "<a href="/documents/msooxml-converter-hoax">The converter hoax</a>"</li>
  57. </ul>
  58. <h2>Related News</h2>
  59. <ul>
  60. <li><b>2008-04-02</b>: <a href="http://mail.fsfeurope.org/pipermail/press-release/2008q2/000206.html">FSFE concerned about quality of standardisation process</a></li>
  61. <li><b>2008-03-26</b>: <a href="http://mail.fsfeurope.org/pipermail/press-release/2008q1/000205.html">26 March 2008: Today is Document Freedom Day</a></li>
  62. <li><b>2008-03-26</b>: <a href="http://mail.fsfeurope.org/pipermail/press-release-de/2008q1/000124.html">German Federal Foreign Ministry honored for Open Standards work</a> (in German)</li>
  63. <li><b>2008-03-06</b>: <a href="http://mail.fsfeurope.org/pipermail/press-release/2008q1/000203.html">Petition calls for Open Standards in the European Parliament</a></li>
  64. <li><b>2008-02-28</b>: <a href="/news/2008/news-20080228-01">FSFE calls on Microsoft to release interoperability information without restrictions</a></li>
  65. <li><b>2008-02-20</b>: <a href="/news/2008/news-20080220-01">Introducing Document Freedom Day - 26 March:
  66. A global day for document liberation</a></li>
  67. <li><b>2006-07-12</b>: <a href="http://mail.fsfeurope.org/pipermail/press-release/2006q3/000147.html">Commission to Microsoft: Preventing interoperability has a price</a></li>
  68. <li><b>2006-04-27</b>: <a href="http://mail.fsfeurope.org/pipermail/press-release/2006q2/000137.html">Samba and FSFE: "Microsoft - obstacle to innovation in the digital society!"</a></li>
  69. </ul>
  70. <h2>External links of interest</h2>
  71. <ul>
  72. <li><a href="http://documentfreedom.org">Document Freedom Day</a></li>
  73. <li><a href="http://www.odfalliance.org">ODF Alliance</a></li>
  74. <li><a href="http://isp.law.yale.edu/static/papers/Open_Documents_and_Democracy.pdf">"Open Documents and Democracy"</a> by Laura de Nardis and Eric Tam, Yale Information Society Project</li>
  75. <li><a href="http://www.intgovforum.org/Substantive_1st_IGF/openstandards-IGF.pdf">"An Economic Basis for Open Standards"</a> by Rishab A. Ghosh</li>
  76. <li><a href="http://www.fsfe.org/fellows/greve/freedom_bits/an_emerging_understanding_of_open_standards">"An emerging understanding of Open Standards"</a> by <a href="/about/greve/">Georg Greve</a></li>
  77. </ul>
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