Source files of,,,,, and Contribute:
You can not select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.

115 lines
5.1 KiB

  1. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
  2. <html newsdate="2019-10-28">
  3. <version>1</version>
  4. <head>
  5. <title>Router Freedom: regaining sovereignty over your digital equipment</title>
  6. </head>
  7. <body>
  8. <h1>Router Freedom: regaining sovereignty over your digital equipment</h1>
  9. <p>The right of choosing your own modem and router is a
  10. basic precondition for a neutral, safe and healthy digital environment.
  11. If you cannot control your router, it is not free and your digital
  12. freedom is likely to be compromised. For years, the FSFE has been
  13. successfully fighting for Router Freedom in Germany. Now the debate has
  14. reached the European level with Internet Service Providers imposing
  15. their specific routers to customers. The FSFE has prepared an activity
  16. package for people and organisations interested in advocating for their
  17. freedom of choice.</p>
  18. <p><a href="/activities/routers/">Router Freedom</a> is the right of
  19. customers of any Internet Service Provider (ISP) to choose and use a
  20. private modem and router instead of a router that the Internet Service
  21. Providers (ISP) forces them to use - for example by contract. Such an
  22. enforcement comes with a series of problems because it essentially
  23. denies freedom of choice, taking away control of technology from users.
  24. In fact, our whole internet traffic, encryption, backups, communication,
  25. shopping, writings, business interaction, and so on is transferred
  26. through the router. If your router is not free, your digital freedom is
  27. likely to be compromised. </p>
  28. <p>In the period between 2013 and 2016, the Free Software Foundation
  29. Europe (FSFE) has successfully worked for Router Freedom in Germany.
  30. ISPs at the time were imposing by contract their equipment to consumers.
  31. The FSFE stepped into the public debate with a statement towards the
  32. Federal Network Agency (BNetzA) and started coordinating with other
  33. organisations a campaign to defend and promote the right of equipment
  34. choice. Our efforts culminated in the <a
  35. href="/news/2016/news-20160725-01.html">approval of a law</a>, which
  36. determined that from August 1st in 2016 onwards, all ISPs in Germany
  37. have to enable new clients to use alternative modems and routers to
  38. connect to the internet. In 2019, a regional court (level 2 of 4) <a
  39. href="">confirmed
  40. Router Freedom (DE)</a>, ruling that the ISPs may not compel their
  41. customers to choose their own provided router. It is a sign that this
  42. basic freedom is understood by German courts. </p>
  43. <h3>Router Freedom in Europe</h3>
  44. <p>Since 2016, Router Freedom in Europe is protected by the Regulation
  45. 2015/2120 - the so-called Net Neutrality Regulation. Article 5 therein
  46. determines that the National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs) are
  47. responsible for checking the application of the Regulation’s rules
  48. according to the technical guidelines of the Body of European Regulators
  49. for Electronic Communications (BEREC). The problematic stepping stone
  50. for the implementation of Router Freedom in Europe relates to legal and
  51. technical aspects around the "Network Termination Point" (NTP) - which
  52. establishes where the ISP's infrastructure ends and the user's begins.
  53. If the NTP would be defined to extend downstream the router, the user might
  54. not have the right to use their own equipment because it belongs to the
  55. ISP and would be covered by contract. </p>
  56. <figure>
  57. <img
  58. src=""
  59. alt="Representation of the Network Termination Point"/>
  60. <figcaption>
  61. Representation of the Network Termination Point
  62. </figcaption>
  63. </figure>
  64. <p>To counteract this freedom restriction and to protect users' control
  65. of technology, the FSFE has started monitoring the status of router
  66. freedom in several countries and has been preparing an <a
  67. href="">activity
  68. package</a> for people and organisations willing to advocate for router
  69. freedom. The package compiles information about how to raise awareness
  70. among people, ideas on how to build alliances with organisations, the
  71. (counter-)arguments to be used in the discussions, as well how to demand
  72. controls and supervision from the National Regulatory Agencies (NRA).
  73. </p>
  74. <h3>Get active</h3>
  75. <p>We encourage you to check out our <a
  76. href="">activity
  77. package</a> on how to start organising a strategy for raising awareness
  78. among your community and political representatives. With your help, we
  79. can track which ISPs comply with the law and which do not, what the bad
  80. contract practices are, and how to better refine the Router Freedom
  81. panorama in Europe. Therefore, we would like to hear your experiences
  82. with ISPs regarding Router Freedom. Please <a
  83. href="/contact/">contact</a> us to share your experience, or if you have
  84. questions regarding the campaign. </p>
  85. </body>
  86. <tags>
  87. <tag key="routers">Router Freedom</tag>
  88. <tag key="competition">Competition</tag>
  89. <tag key="policy">Policy</tag>
  90. <tag key="front-page"/>
  91. </tags>
  92. <author id="lasota" />
  93. <discussion href="" />
  94. </html>