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  1. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
  2. <html newsdate="2011-06-20">
  3. <head>
  4. <title>AVM violating license of the Linux kernel</title>
  5. </head>
  6. <body>
  7. <h1>AVM violating license of the Linux kernel</h1>
  8. <h2>Linux kernel at centre of battle for control of embedded devices</h2>
  9. <p newsteaser="yes"> Berlin, 20th June - Tomorrow on June 21st a legal case
  10. will be heard before the District Court of Berlin which may have enormous
  11. consequences for the way that software is developed and distributed. The
  12. adversaries in the case are the manufacturer and distributor of DSL routers AVM
  13. Computersysteme Vertriebs GmbH (AVM), and Cybits AG (Cybits) which produces
  14. children's web-filtering software. Both companies use the Linux kernel, which is licensed
  15. under the GNU General Public License, version 2 (GNU GPL); a Free Software
  16. license permitting everyone to use, study, share, and improve works which use it.
  17. </p>
  18. <p>
  19. The case was brought to court by AVM with the aim of preventing Cybits from changing
  20. any parts of the firmware used in AVM's routers, including the Linux kernel.
  21. The Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE) and gpl-violations.org consider
  22. AVM's action as a broad attack against the principles of Free Software, and thus against the
  23. thousands of individuals and companies developing, improving and distributing
  24. Free Software.</p>
  25. <p>"I decided to contribute my work to the Linux kernel under the GNU GPL, and let others
  26. benefit from it. I'm happy if companies make a lot of money with software
  27. written by me and thousands of others. But in return, when they distribute our
  28. software I want them to give others the same rights they received from me",
  29. said Harald Welte, founder of gpl-violations.org and copyright holder of several
  30. parts of the Linux kernel.</p>
  31. <p>This is however exactly what AVM tried to avoid when in 2010 they filed
  32. two actions against Cybits. AVM claimed that when their customers install
  33. Cybits' filtering software on AVM routers it changes the routers' firmware
  34. and consequently infringes on AVM's copyright. In the opinion of AVM, even
  35. changing the Linux kernel components of the firmware is not allowed. The Court
  36. of Appeals of Berlin rejected this argument in its decision on the request for
  37. a preliminary injunction in September 2010, after Mr. Welte intervened in the
  38. case. Now, the District Court of Berlin will have to decide on the issue again,
  39. this time in the main proceedings.</p>
  40. <p>"This case has far reaching consequences for the future of Free Software
  41. and the GNU GPL. The GNU GPL is a legal license set by the original authors of
  42. the software. These terms are not optional" said Till Jaeger from JBB
  43. Rechtsanwälte who represents Mr. Welte in this case.</p>
  44. <p>If AVM succeeds in forbidding others from exercising the freedoms explicitly granted by the
  45. GNU General Public License terms, it will directly contravene the legal rights
  46. of the original authors of the programs, who decided that software freedom and
  47. cooperation is more important to them than directly receiving license fees. Moreover,
  48. there are also significant economic and business implications. First, it will
  49. give device manufacturers the chance to veto software from third parties on
  50. their products, resulting in worse products for the user and them being
  51. locked-in to purchasing future products from a particular vendor.
  52. Second, it will give companies like AVM an unfair advantage over their
  53. competitors who are in compliance with the Free Software licenses which they use.
  54. Third, it will threaten the cooperative software development model,
  55. which has been successfully used by many companies worldwide for three decades.</p>
  56. <p>"AVM is attacking the very foundations of Free Software: They want to take away
  57. freedom from others. We have to act when a company sues others for
  58. executing their right to modify Free Software. AVM's behaviour must not be
  59. tolerated. If they are successful in court it will be disastrous for the
  60. global market for embedded devices, which includes mobile phones, network
  61. hardware, and other Linux based products" says Matthias Kirschner, FSFE's
  62. German Coordinator.</p>
  63. <p>"Ironically, by preventing others from enacting the rights granted by the GNU GPL,
  64. AVM itself is in violation of the license terms. Therefore they have no right
  65. to distribute the software" says Till Jaeger.</p>
  66. <p>FSFE and gpl-violations.org are committed to encouraging the use of Free
  67. Software by companies and developers by making licensing and compliance as easy
  68. as possible. Generally it is considerably easier to comply with Free Software licenses
  69. than with EULAs and other license agreements for non-Free software. Often it is
  70. only necessary to add a copy of the GNU GPL license text to documentation, and
  71. add an offer to provide the software source code (see <a
  72. href="/activities/ftf/useful-tips-for-vendors.html">FSFE's compliance
  73. tips</a>).</p>
  74. <ul>
  75. <li><strong><a href="/activities/ftf/avm-gpl-violation.html">Link to Background Information</a></strong></li>
  76. <li><a href="/activities/ftf/kg-avm-vs-cybits.pdf">Court decision 2nd instance (pdf, German)</a></li>
  77. <li><a href="/activities/ftf/avm-nebenintervention.pdf">Intervention by Harald Welte (pdf, German)</a></li>
  78. <li><a href="/activities/ftf/ftf.html">FSFE's legal page</a></li>
  79. <li><a href="/activities/ftf/documentation.html">FSFE's legal team maintains a collection of documentation on Free Software Legal and Licensing topics. It also produces guides and handbooks.</a></li>
  80. <li><a href="http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-faq.html">Frequently Asked Questions about the GNU Licenses</a></li>
  81. <li><a href="http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/gpl-2.0.html">GNU GPL version 2</a> and <a href="http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/gpl-2.0-translations.html">unofficial translations</a></li>
  82. </ul>
  83. </body>
  84. <tags>
  85. <tag>front-page</tag>
  86. <tag>de</tag>
  87. <tag>gpl</tag>
  88. <tag>AVM</tag><tag>Compliance</tag><tag>Ruling</tag><tag>de</tag>
  89. </tags>
  90. </html>
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