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  1. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1" ?>
  2. <html>
  3. <head>
  4. <title>FSF Europe - AGNULA - Deliverable 1.3.1 - Free Software Copyright/\linebreak Licensing recommendations</title>
  5. </head>
  6. <body>
  7. <center>
  8. <a href="1.3.1-Licensing-Copyright.pdf">[ PDF Version; 57k ]</a>
  9. </center>
  10. <P />
  11. <DIV ALIGN="CENTER">AGNULA - A GNU/Linux Audio distribution</DIV>
  12. <P />
  13. <DIV ALIGN="CENTER"></DIV>
  14. <P />
  15. <DIV ALIGN="CENTER">IST Project n<IMG
  16. WIDTH="12" HEIGHT="17" ALIGN="BOTTOM" BORDER="0"
  17. SRC="img1.png"
  18. ALT="$ $" /> IST-2001-34879</DIV>
  19. <P />
  20. <DIV ALIGN="CENTER"></DIV>
  21. <P />
  22. <BR />
  23. <BR />
  24. <P />
  25. <DIV ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="+3">Libre Software Copyright/
  26. <BR />
  27. Licensing recommendations</FONT></DIV>
  28. <P />
  29. <DIV ALIGN="CENTER"></DIV>
  30. <P />
  31. <BR />
  32. <BR />
  33. <BR />
  34. <BR />
  35. <P />
  36. Report version number:
  37. <P />
  38. Report Classification: Pub
  39. <P />
  40. Deliverable n<IMG
  41. WIDTH="12" HEIGHT="17" ALIGN="BOTTOM" BORDER="0"
  42. SRC="img1.png"
  43. ALT="$ $" />: 1.3.1
  44. <P />
  45. <BR />
  46. <P />
  47. Contract Start Date: 1st April 2002
  48. <P />
  49. Duration: 2 years
  50. <P />
  51. Coordinator: Centro Tempo Reale
  52. <P />
  53. Partners: IRCAM - Institut de Recherche Acoustique/Musique; UPF -
  54. Music Technology Group - Institut Universitari de l'Audiovisual -
  55. Universitat Pompeu Fabra; FSFE - Free Software Foundation Europe;
  56. KTH - Kung Tekniska H&#246;gskolan; RedHat France.
  57. <P />
  58. <P />
  59. <BR />
  60. <H2><A NAME="SECTION00010000000000000000">
  61. Contents</A>
  62. </H2>
  63. <!--Table of Contents-->
  64. <UL>
  65. <LI><UL>
  66. <LI><A NAME="tex2html9"
  67. HREF="1.3.1-Licensing-Copyright.html">Introduction</A></LI>
  68. </UL>
  69. <BR />
  70. <LI><A NAME="tex2html10"
  71. HREF="#SECTION00020000000000000000">Development strategies to improve the presence of Free Software
  72. in audio applications</A></LI>
  73. <LI><A NAME="tex2html11"
  74. HREF="#SECTION00030000000000000000">Rules in the AGNULA audio/multimedia distribution</A></LI>
  75. <UL>
  76. <LI><A NAME="tex2html12"
  77. HREF="#SECTION00031000000000000000">Rules for including software in the AGNULA distribution</A></LI>
  78. <LI><A NAME="tex2html13"
  79. HREF="#SECTION00032000000000000000">Rules for publishing software in the AGNULA distribution</A></LI>
  80. </UL></LI>
  81. <BR />
  82. <LI><A NAME="tex2html14"
  83. HREF="#SECTION00040000000000000000">Copyright Rules</A></LI>
  84. <LI><A NAME="tex2html15"
  85. HREF="#SECTION00050000000000000000">About this document ...</A></LI>
  86. </UL>
  87. <!--End of Table of Contents-->
  88. <P />
  89. <P />
  90. <H2><A NAME="SECTION00011000000000000000">
  91. Introduction</A>
  92. </H2>
  93. <P />
  94. This document provides information about AGNULA recommendations on
  95. copyright and licensing. This document includes information regarding
  96. issues about audio/multimedia Free Software licensing; information
  97. about the assessement of audio/multimedia applications in terms of
  98. Free Software presence/functionality (such as strong points, weaknesses,
  99. empty slots, etc); and the strategy of Free Software diffusion.
  100. <P />
  101. <H1><A NAME="SECTION00020000000000000000">
  102. Development strategies to improve the presence of Free Software
  103. in audio applications</A>
  104. </H1>
  105. <P />
  106. The technical foundation has already been prepared for an improved
  107. development environment for Free Software audio and music software.
  108. The ALSA sound API is currently included with the 2.5.x development
  109. series of the Linux kernel, Paul Davis's JACK audio connection kit
  110. provides a simple transparent means for audio software developers to
  111. remain focused on their application's feature set instead of low-level
  112. driver issues, and Andrew Morton's low-latency patches have proved the
  113. effectiveness of a properly tuned Linux kernel in professionally
  114. demanding realtime recording and editing situations. AGNULA
  115. incorporates all of those advances into its core distribution and adds
  116. a variety of useful libraries and toolkits for developers of Free
  117. Software audio and music applications. By doing so the AGNULA project
  118. intends to raise awareness of the quality of the available development
  119. environment, while at the same time encouraging development of more
  120. and better applications targeted to the normal user.
  121. <P />
  122. <H1><A NAME="SECTION00030000000000000000">
  123. Rules in the AGNULA audio/multimedia distribution</A>
  124. </H1>
  125. <P />
  126. Software licenses may vary radically with regard to issues of copyright,
  127. distribution, and even usage. Therefore the AGNULA project distinguishes
  128. between four software-licensing categories:
  129. <OL>
  130. <LI>Free Software under a GPL-compatible Copyleft license approved by
  131. the Free Software Foundation.
  132. </LI>
  133. <LI>Free Software under a GPL-compatible non-Copyleft license approved
  134. by the FSF.
  135. </LI>
  136. <LI>Free Software under a GPL-incompatible license approved by the FSF.
  137. </LI>
  138. <LI>Proprietary Software.
  139. </LI>
  140. </OL>
  141. <P />
  142. For documentation, AGNULA distinguishes between three licensing
  143. categories:
  144. <OL>
  145. <LI>Documentation under a Free Documentation license approved by the
  146. FSF.
  147. </LI>
  148. <LI>Documentation that is freely redistributable in any medium (also
  149. for commercial purposes).
  150. </LI>
  151. <LI>Documentation not falling into the first two categories.
  152. </LI>
  153. </OL>
  154. <P />
  155. <H2><A NAME="SECTION00031000000000000000">
  156. Rules for including software in the AGNULA distribution</A>
  157. </H2>
  158. <P />
  159. AGNULA's primary definition of Free Software is that of the Free
  160. Software Foundation. Software licensed under categories 1 to 3 may be
  161. included without legal issue in the core AGNULA distribution although
  162. category 1 will be preferred. For documentation, categories 1 and 2
  163. are acceptable for inclusion in AGNULA.
  164. <P />
  165. Sometimes Free Software (category&#160;1-3) depends on proprietary software
  166. (category&#160;4). For example, Java-based applications present a
  167. difficulty. There are some attempts at creating a Free Software Java
  168. implementation, but many Java applications will not run on them
  169. and have been written for the proprietary Java implementations by Sun
  170. and IBM, which can not be included in AGNULA.
  171. <P />
  172. In these cases the AGNULA consortium will work on convincing the
  173. publisher of the proprietary software to release the problematic under
  174. an acceptable license. If this is not possible, AGNULA will try to
  175. break their dependency on proprietary software by either getting it to
  176. work with a Free alternative or by porting it to another technology.
  177. <P />
  178. Surmounting these issues and similar problems is a key goal in
  179. AGNULA's early development stage. Although very real difficulties
  180. must be dealt with, AGNULA aims for the harmonisation of license and
  181. redistribution policy. As far as possible, AGNULA strives to provide
  182. software covered by a license of category 1 or&#160;2.
  183. <P />
  184. In questionable instances, the FSF Europe will work on finding a
  185. solution with the other project partners and determine whether a
  186. package can be included.
  187. <P />
  188. <H2><A NAME="SECTION00032000000000000000">
  189. Rules for publishing software in the AGNULA distribution</A>
  190. </H2>
  191. <P />
  192. All software written within the AGNULA project will be released under
  193. the GNU General Public License (GPL) or (if advisable) the GNU Lesser
  194. General Public License (LGPL). Documentation will be released under
  195. the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL).
  196. <P />
  197. In special cases, another license from categories 1 and&#160;2 might be
  198. chosen; the FSF Europe offers guidance and advice for this.
  199. <P />
  200. <H1><A NAME="SECTION00040000000000000000">
  201. Copyright Rules</A>
  202. </H1>
  203. <P />
  204. The aim of the AGNULA project is to provide two GNU/Linux distributions,
  205. entirely based on Free Software. To ensure persistence and longevity
  206. of the work within the AGNULA IST project, it will be important to
  207. provide adequate measures to protect this work.
  208. <P />
  209. Free Software is (and must be) work in permanent evolution. Only if
  210. it can be adapted, modified, and built upon will it be truly successful.
  211. <P />
  212. Technical methods are evolving steadily, so it becomes important to
  213. ensure that the licensing for the work done within AGNULA is permanently
  214. maintained and adapted (if necessary).
  215. <P />
  216. The legal framework inside which the licenses operate is also subject
  217. to change and may require adaptation of the licenses employed within
  218. AGNULA.
  219. <P />
  220. Finally it is necessary that work done inside AGNULA remains
  221. accessible to the people it was done for and protected from
  222. appropriation. This requires monitoring and may require occasional
  223. legal action.
  224. <P />
  225. These aspects of legal maintainability are a prerequisite for technical
  226. maintainability, which is a necessity for success of the AGNULA project.
  227. <P />
  228. The Free Software Foundations have over 16 years of experience
  229. ensuring legal maintainability for Free Software, so all work done
  230. within the AGNULA project will be assigned to the FSF Europe to
  231. maintain legal maintainability of the AGNULA project during the time
  232. it is funded by the European Commission and afterwards.
  233. <P />
  234. The assignment will be performed with the &#34;Fiduciary License
  235. Agreement&#34; of the FSF Europe, which has the following effects:
  236. <P />
  237. <UL>
  238. <LI>Copyright/Exclusive exploitation rights are assigned to FSF Europe.
  239. </LI>
  240. <LI>An unlimited amount of single exploitation rights is assigned back
  241. to the assigning project partner.
  242. </LI>
  243. <LI>The FSF Europe guarantees that the rights assigned will only be used
  244. to benefit Free Software. In case of violation of this guarantee,
  245. all rights fall back to the assigning project partners.
  246. </LI>
  247. </UL>
  248. This will allow the FSF Europe to act as the fiduciary of the AGNULA
  249. consortium for the project duration and after its dissolution, making
  250. sure the work on AGNULA will continue to benefit users as per the
  251. goal of the AGNULA project.
  252. <H1><A NAME="SECTION00050000000000000000">
  253. About this document ...</A>
  254. </H1>
  255. <P />
  256. This document was generated using the
  257. <A HREF="http://www-texdev.mpce.mq.edu.au/l2h/docs/manual/"><STRONG>LaTeX</STRONG>2<tt>HTML</tt></A> translator Version 2K.1beta (1.48)
  258. <P />
  259. Copyright &#169; 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996,
  260. <A HREF="http://cbl.leeds.ac.uk/nikos/personal.html">Nikos Drakos</A>,
  261. Computer Based Learning Unit, University of Leeds.
  262. <BR />
  263. Copyright &#169; 1997, 1998, 1999,
  264. <A HREF="http://www.maths.mq.edu.au/~ross/">Ross Moore</A>,
  265. Mathematics Department, Macquarie University, Sydney.
  266. </body>
  267. <timestamp>$Date$ $Author$</timestamp>
  268. </html>
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