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  1. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1" ?>
  2. <html>
  3. <head>
  4. <title>FSF Europe - LAFIS - LAying the Foundations for the Information
  5. Society</title>
  6. </head>
  7. <body>
  8. [ <a href="fp6.html">Back to the FP6 page</a> ]
  9. <h2>EXPRESSION OF INTEREST</h2>
  10. <h3>Integrated Project</h3>
  11. <h2>LAFIS - LAying the Foundations for the Information
  12. Society</h2>
  13. <br />
  14. <center>
  15. <a href="LAFIS.pdf">Download as PDF; 132k</a>
  16. </center>
  17. <br />
  18. <p>Free Software Foundation Europe, Germany<br />
  19. Associa&#199;&#227;o Nacional para o Software Livre,
  20. Portugal<br />
  21. Association ABUL, France<br />
  22. Association For Free Software, UK<br />
  23. Association Pour la Promotion et la Recherche en Informatique
  24. Libre, France<br />
  25. Centro Tempo Reale, Italy<br />
  26. DIST-Universit&#224; di Genova, Italy<br />
  27. Easter-eggs, France<br />
  28. Groupe des Ecoles de Telecommunications (GET), France<br />
  29. g10 Code GmbH, Germany<br />
  30. Intevation GmbH, Germany<br />
  31. MandrakeSoft, France<br />
  32. LinuxTag e.V., Germany<br />
  33. Prosa Progettazione Sviluppo Aperto S.r.l., Italy<br />
  34. Verein zur F&#246;rderung Freier Software, Austria<br />
  35. Verein zur F&#246;rderung Informationen und Software e.V.,
  36. Germany<br />
  37. V2 Organisation, Institute for the Unstable Media,
  38. Netherlands<br />
  39. VIPS Lab, Italy<br />
  40. [wearlab]@TZi, Germany<br />
  41. werk21, Germany<br />
  42. </p>
  43. <h3>This Expression of Interest
  44. was submitted in response to Call EOI.FP6.2002.</h3>
  45. <h3>Prepared by Georg C. F. Greve &lt;greve@fsfeurope.org &gt;</h3>
  46. <h1><a id="SECTION00010000000000000000"
  47. name="SECTION00010000000000000000"></a><a id="description"
  48. name="description"></a><br />
  49. Description</h1>
  50. <p>Free Software - sometimes also referred to as ``Libre software''
  51. or ``Open Source Software''&#160;<a id="tex2html1" name="tex2html1"
  52. href="#foot244">[*]</a> - is
  53. best defined by the following four freedoms:</p>
  54. <dl compact="compact">
  55. <dt>1st</dt>
  56. <dd>freedom: The freedom to run the program, for any purpose.</dd>
  57. <dt>2nd</dt>
  58. <dd>freedom: The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt
  59. it to your needs. Access to the source code is a precondition for
  60. this.</dd>
  61. <dt>3rd</dt>
  62. <dd>freedom: The freedom to redistribute copies.</dd>
  63. <dt>4th</dt>
  64. <dd>freedom: The freedom to improve the program, and release your
  65. improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits.
  66. Access to the source code is a precondition for this.</dd>
  67. </dl>
  68. <p>Free Software provides a new concept, a new discipline as a
  69. stable basis for the information age and the knowledge economy. Its
  70. working principles are changing the IT sector towards a more
  71. stable, lasting and sustainable approach with higher dynamics and
  72. increased efficiency.<br />
  73. </p>
  74. <p>Any region adopting Free Software on a larger basis can benefit
  75. in terms of<br />
  76. </p>
  77. <table cellpadding="3">
  78. <tr>
  79. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  80. <td align="left">Greater independence
  81. from foreign interests</td>
  82. </tr>
  83. <tr>
  84. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  85. <td align="left">Increased
  86. sustainability</td>
  87. </tr>
  88. <tr>
  89. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  90. <td align="left">Freedom from foreign
  91. mono- and oligopolies</td>
  92. </tr>
  93. <tr>
  94. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  95. <td align="left">Alternative hard- and
  96. software possibilities</td>
  97. </tr>
  98. <tr>
  99. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  100. <td align="left">Strengthened domestic
  101. market and local industries</td>
  102. </tr>
  103. <tr>
  104. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  105. <td align="left">Better cooperation
  106. between research and economy</td>
  107. </tr>
  108. <tr>
  109. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  110. <td align="left">Encouraged
  111. transdisciplinary research</td>
  112. </tr>
  113. <tr>
  114. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  115. <td align="left">Better protection of
  116. civil rights</td>
  117. </tr>
  118. </table>
  119. <p>For a more detailed explanation, please see the
  120. <em>Recommendation of the Free Software Foundation Europe (FSF
  121. Europe) and supporting parties for the European Community framework
  122. programme 2002-2006</em> of April 30th, 2002,&#160;<a
  123. id="tex2html2" name="tex2html2" href="#foot245">[*]</a><a
  124. id="recommendation" name="recommendation"></a>in which the FSF
  125. Europe with support of about 50 European companies, research
  126. institutes and associations explains in more detail why and how
  127. Free Software offers these advantages.<br />
  128. </p>
  129. <p>This integrated project is aimed towards mass adoption of Free
  130. Software in all IT fields.</p>
  131. <h2><a id="SECTION00011000000000000000"
  132. name="SECTION00011000000000000000">Rationale</a></h2>
  133. <p>Software is the lifeblood, medium and fundament of the
  134. information society and knowledge economy. Therefore, providing and
  135. furthering the strongest and most durable infrastructure has to be
  136. a goal of any region willing to participate in the information
  137. age.<br />
  138. Because of its significant advantages, it is obvious that the first
  139. region to adopt and support research and implementation in Free
  140. Software on a larger scale can profit enormously and get a
  141. head-start in the information society.<br />
  142. </p>
  143. <p>Other regions are beginning to get ready to capitalise on these
  144. advantages, as - for instance - the recent activities in Peru have
  145. shown.&#160;<a id="tex2html3" name="tex2html3"
  146. href="#foot246">[*]</a><br />
  147. </p>
  148. <p>Europe, however, is given a uniquely favorable position to
  149. become the global leader in the Information Economy due to its
  150. vibrant Free Software community. It has already begun taking small
  151. steps in this direction within the 5th Framework Programme that
  152. should be built upon <b>now</b>.<br />
  153. LAFIS intends to promote an Integrated Project to solve problems
  154. and close gaps which are present or will arise in Free Software
  155. development and production. In doing so, it will complete the
  156. infrastructure needed for global mass adpotion of Free Software in
  157. Europe by end-users, companies, governmental institutions
  158. etc.<br />
  159. </p>
  160. <p>Through this, LAFIS will lay the foundations for a European
  161. information society.</p>
  162. <h3><a id="SECTION00011100000000000000"
  163. name="SECTION00011100000000000000">Issues with integration of Free
  164. Software into FP6</a></h3>
  165. <p>Although the 6th Framework Programme and Europe in general would
  166. profit immensely from the mass-adoption of Free Software, the
  167. current structure of the FP6 makes it difficult to provide adequate
  168. support for Free Software. There are several reasons for this that
  169. we would like to bring into the FP6 thought process.<br />
  170. </p>
  171. <p>First of all, Free Software is not limited to a single domain or
  172. thematic area, its positive effects transcend research disciplines,
  173. markets, society. The Free Software paradigm changes the workings
  174. and rules of software towards a climate that rewards cooperative
  175. efforts and stronger integration. This sort of climate change,
  176. although very obvious, is hard to quantify.<br />
  177. </p>
  178. <p>The paradigms are shifted away from a supply-driven IT industry
  179. towards a demand-driven model. In other words: The user truly
  180. becomes a determining factor. Therefore the direction of important
  181. Free Software projects is often hard to predict. Demand may
  182. overrule the ideas of supply and give the project a new direction.
  183. This very positive effect - some people go as far as calling it
  184. ``collateral use'' - makes Free Software harder to predict.<br />
  185. </p>
  186. <p>Also: Players in the Free Software field can currently not be
  187. judged by their finances. Competence, not money is the most
  188. important capital of Free Software players today. Although this is
  189. likely to change with a greater adoption of Free Software, it is a
  190. problem we face in relation with the FP6.<br />
  191. The ``Funding by size'' paradigm is one that is likely to fail for
  192. Free Software, because in the current situation it would usually
  193. further the least competent parties.<br />
  194. </p>
  195. <p>These problems should be addressed and discussed to find a
  196. solution that will allow Europe to capitalise on the advantages of
  197. Free Software in the best and most efficient way.</p>
  198. <h2><a id="SECTION00012000000000000000"
  199. name="SECTION00012000000000000000"></a><a id="objectives"
  200. name="objectives"></a><br />
  201. Objectives</h2>
  202. <p>The objectives of LAFIS are finding and completing powerful
  203. solutions for fundamental technical and technological problems,
  204. fill strategically important gaps in Free Software and to promote
  205. it along with the ethical principles that underlie its production
  206. towards mass adoption in every information technology field as the
  207. preferrable solution.<br />
  208. Some current gaps, needs and problems are:</p>
  209. <ol>
  210. <li>Finalising a full Free-Software based, simplified client-end
  211. platform suitable for mass replacement of current proprietary
  212. client technologies.</li>
  213. <li>Create and extend complete Free Software support of thematic
  214. areas; for instance: Multimedia; Secure Email; Small/medium/large
  215. size company automation; including CRM, ERP, Workflow-Management.
  216. Where applicable: Create ``Drop-In-Solutions'' for these
  217. areas.</li>
  218. <li>Extend usability through creation of: More and better
  219. documentation; Better, easier, more intuitive and user-friendly
  220. documentation tools; Better, more complete databases of Free
  221. Software applications and supported hardware; Usability schemes and
  222. ergonomy studies.</li>
  223. <li>Extended hardware support.</li>
  224. <li>Maintenance of crucial ``orphaned'' applications.<a
  225. id="tex2html4" name="tex2html4" href="#foot67">[*]</a></li>
  226. <li>Development, maintenance and support of Free, patent
  227. unencumbered formats and protocols.</li>
  228. <li>Identification and solution of other problems and needs that
  229. may arise.</li>
  230. </ol>
  231. <h2><a id="SECTION00013000000000000000"
  232. name="SECTION00013000000000000000">General approach to achieve the
  233. objectives</a></h2>
  234. <p>LAFIS approaches the objectives by assembling a consortium of
  235. the most knowledgeable and strongest European players in the Free
  236. Software field to coordinate multiple sub-projects to research and
  237. development in the fields touched by the problems listed in
  238. section&#160;<a href="#objectives">1.2</a> and
  239. tasks/projects necessary for their success.<br />
  240. The purpose of this approach is to give the European Free Software
  241. community an active and efficient way of getting involved in
  242. essential solutions to current problems of strategic interest.</p>
  243. <h1><a id="SECTION00020000000000000000"
  244. name="SECTION00020000000000000000">Need and Relevance</a></h1>
  245. <p>Software has not only become a seminal economic and cultural
  246. property, it also provides the grounds upon which the information
  247. society and economy will be built.<br />
  248. </p>
  249. <p>Those who depend on foreign interests to uphold their own
  250. economy, communication, education and research will most likely not
  251. become key players in the information age. Becoming and remaining
  252. independent &gt;From foreign hardware and software oligopolies is a
  253. crucial step towards a sustainable and lasting approach.<br />
  254. </p>
  255. <p>As laid out in the recommendation referenced on page&#160;<a
  256. href="#recommendation">[*]</a> in
  257. section&#160;<a href="#description">1</a>, Free Software
  258. offers protection from foreign and internal hardware and software
  259. monopolies, encourages freedom of markets, protects privacy and
  260. therefore trust in information technologies, furthers research and
  261. education and empowers all Europeans to become active participants
  262. in the information society.<br />
  263. </p>
  264. <p>Through LAFIS, Europe will not only gain the necessary
  265. foundations for the desired knowledge economy, it will also make a
  266. leap towards becoming the global leader and region of competence
  267. for these technologies.</p>
  268. <h1><a id="SECTION00030000000000000000"
  269. name="SECTION00030000000000000000">Scale of Ambition and Critical
  270. Mass</a></h1>
  271. <p>The main objective of LAFIS is to find optimal answers for the
  272. needs arising out of the shift towards a knowledge society as
  273. described in section&#160;<a href="#objectives">1.2</a>.
  274. Many of these solutions have not yet been found, nor can they be
  275. found in the current development trend of Free Software. Finding
  276. them requires fundamented research and development, which would
  277. best be done within a the organisation of an integrated project of
  278. the size and partnership as outlined in the 6th EC Framework
  279. Programme. As such, the ambitions of LAFIS are:</p>
  280. <ol>
  281. <li>push the technical solutions in Free Software beyond the final
  282. threshold to allow addressing any problem with the advantages of
  283. Free Software. Achieving this result would bring enormous benefits
  284. in terms of
  285. <ol>
  286. <li>macro-economic benefit: most of the economics related to
  287. software (which are nowadays lead by countries outside the EC)
  288. would turn back into European Countries, with an increase of
  289. investments and jobs in Europe;</li>
  290. <li>macro-economic benefit: currently, the whole European IT
  291. industry is utterly dependent on foreign oligopolies that can shut
  292. down parts or all of the European IT industry should this seem
  293. politically or economically useful. Free Software will eliminate
  294. this dependency;</li>
  295. <li>economic benefit: the efficiency of the economic model of Free
  296. Software would provide societies with a greater wealth of services
  297. at a fraction of the total costs involved today;</li>
  298. <li>economic benefit: because of the freedoms granted, Free
  299. Software is the most secure IT investment possible today. Bringing
  300. companies security in their IT investments will allow them to
  301. invest more heavily in other areas;</li>
  302. <li>social benefit: Free Software secures the capability of every
  303. European citizen to participate and get active in the information
  304. society;</li>
  305. <li>social benefit: through its principles of cooperation,
  306. transparency and ethics, Free Software helps creating an overall
  307. computer-literacy that will benefit a climate of democracy and
  308. cooperation;</li>
  309. <li>social benefit: a shift towards Free Software would raise
  310. consciousness for the issues raised by the information age.</li>
  311. </ol>
  312. </li>
  313. <li>give Europe a head-start into and leadership in the information
  314. society; as stated elsewhere, Europe is in a uniquely favorable
  315. position to achive this position: an Integrated Project like LAFIS
  316. seems like the best way of building the foundations for this
  317. role.</li>
  318. </ol>
  319. More details can be found in the recommendation referenced on
  320. page&#160;<a href="#recommendation">[*]</a> in
  321. section&#160;<a href="#description">1</a>.
  322. <h1><a id="SECTION00040000000000000000"
  323. name="SECTION00040000000000000000">Integration</a></h1>
  324. <p>The objectives stated in section&#160;<a
  325. href="#objectives">1.2</a> on page&#160;<a
  326. href="#objectives">[*]</a>
  327. will best be reached through the following activities:</p>
  328. <ol>
  329. <li>horizontal and interdisciplinary research (research and
  330. development will be conducted in parallel on several aspects,
  331. leading to synergetic effects and communication exchange between
  332. several sub-projects)</li>
  333. <li>creation of template solutions for special industries</li>
  334. <li>dissemination and training activities (including specialised
  335. and non-specialised training)</li>
  336. <li>demonstration activities to show Free Software in action in
  337. different contexts, in particular in large companies and
  338. institutions</li>
  339. <li>global coordination and management of these activities</li>
  340. </ol>
  341. <p>In order to reach these objectives and to set up these
  342. activities, a consortium of the most knowledgeable and most
  343. experienced Free Software players in Europe will be constituted,
  344. including</p>
  345. <table cellpadding="3" border="1">
  346. <tr>
  347. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  348. <td align="left"><b>Organisation</b></td>
  349. <th align="left"><b>Country</b></th>
  350. <th align="left"><b>Web page</b></th>
  351. </tr>
  352. <tr>
  353. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  354. <td align="left" colspan="3"><b>Area of Excellence</b></td>
  355. </tr>
  356. <tr>
  357. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  358. <td align="left" colspan="3"><b>Role in Project</b></td>
  359. </tr>
  360. <tr>
  361. <td align="center"><b>1</b></td>
  362. <td align="left"><b>FSF Europe</b></td>
  363. <td align="left">Germany</td>
  364. <td align="left">http://fsfeurope.org</td>
  365. </tr>
  366. <tr>
  367. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  368. <td align="left" colspan="3">Competence center; Partner ``AGNULA''
  369. (IST-2001-34879); Co-maintainer of GPL/LGPL and GNU Project</td>
  370. </tr>
  371. <tr>
  372. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  373. <td align="left" colspan="3">Coordination, Community-interaction,
  374. Competence, Vision, Integration, Business-models, Legal
  375. Aspects</td>
  376. </tr>
  377. <tr>
  378. <td align="center"><b>2</b></td>
  379. <td align="left"><b>ABUL</b></td>
  380. <td align="left">France</td>
  381. <td align="left">http://www.abul.org</td>
  382. </tr>
  383. <tr>
  384. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  385. <td align="left" colspan="3">Free Software association furthering
  386. Education; Organiser Libre Software Meeting</td>
  387. </tr>
  388. <tr>
  389. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  390. <td align="left" colspan="3">Events, Education,
  391. Community-interaction &amp; local competence</td>
  392. </tr>
  393. <tr>
  394. <td align="center"><b>3</b></td>
  395. <td align="left"><b>ANSOL</b></td>
  396. <td align="left">Portugal</td>
  397. <td align="left">http://www.ansol.org</td>
  398. </tr>
  399. <tr>
  400. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  401. <td align="left" colspan="3">Free Software association furthering
  402. Free Software in Portugal</td>
  403. </tr>
  404. <tr>
  405. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  406. <td align="left" colspan="3">Community-interaction &amp; local
  407. competence</td>
  408. </tr>
  409. <tr>
  410. <td align="center"><b>4</b></td>
  411. <td align="left"><b>AFFS</b></td>
  412. <td align="left">United Kingdom</td>
  413. <td align="left">http://www.affs.org.uk</td>
  414. </tr>
  415. <tr>
  416. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  417. <td align="left" colspan="3">Free Software association furthering
  418. Free Software in the UK</td>
  419. </tr>
  420. <tr>
  421. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  422. <td align="left" colspan="3">Community-interaction &amp; local
  423. competence</td>
  424. </tr>
  425. <tr>
  426. <td align="center"><b>5</b></td>
  427. <td align="left"><b>APRIL</b></td>
  428. <td align="left">France</td>
  429. <td align="left">http://www.april.org</td>
  430. </tr>
  431. <tr>
  432. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  433. <td align="left" colspan="3">Free Software association furthering
  434. Free Software in France</td>
  435. </tr>
  436. <tr>
  437. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  438. <td align="left" colspan="3">Community-interaction &amp; local
  439. competence</td>
  440. </tr>
  441. <tr>
  442. <td align="center"><b>6</b></td>
  443. <td align="left"><b>Centro Tempo Reale</b></td>
  444. <td align="left">Italy</td>
  445. <td align="left">http://www.centrotemporeale.it</td>
  446. </tr>
  447. <tr>
  448. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  449. <td align="left" colspan="3">Center devoted to music research,
  450. production and education. Coordinator AGNULA project
  451. (IST-2001-34879)</td>
  452. </tr>
  453. <tr>
  454. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  455. <td align="left" colspan="3">Audio &amp; Multimedia,
  456. development</td>
  457. </tr>
  458. <tr>
  459. <td align="center"><b>7</b></td>
  460. <td align="left"><b>DIST-Universit&#224;</b></td>
  461. <td align="left">Italy</td>
  462. <td align="left">http://infomus.dist.unige.it</td>
  463. </tr>
  464. <tr>
  465. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  466. <td align="left" colspan="3">Multimedia lab, EC projects: MEGA,
  467. CARE-HERE, MoSART</td>
  468. </tr>
  469. <tr>
  470. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  471. <td align="left" colspan="3">Multimedia and expressive/emotional
  472. software, development</td>
  473. </tr>
  474. <tr>
  475. <td align="center"><b>8</b></td>
  476. <td align="left"><b>Easter-Eggs</b></td>
  477. <td align="left">France</td>
  478. <td align="left">http://www.easter-eggs.com</td>
  479. </tr>
  480. <tr>
  481. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  482. <td align="left" colspan="3">Company for Free Software &amp;
  483. GNU/Linux</td>
  484. </tr>
  485. <tr>
  486. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  487. <td align="left" colspan="3">Business integration, development</td>
  488. </tr>
  489. <tr>
  490. <td align="center"><b>9</b></td>
  491. <td align="left"><b>GET</b></td>
  492. <td align="left">France</td>
  493. <td align="left">http://www.get-telecom.fr</td>
  494. </tr>
  495. <tr>
  496. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  497. <td align="left" colspan="3">Consortium of the seven major French
  498. Graduate Schools for Information Technology</td>
  499. </tr>
  500. <tr>
  501. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  502. <td align="left" colspan="3">Communcation technology &amp;
  503. research, development</td>
  504. </tr>
  505. <tr>
  506. <td align="center"><b>10</b></td>
  507. <td align="left"><b>g10 Code GmbH</b></td>
  508. <td align="left">Germany</td>
  509. <td align="left">http://www.g10code.de</td>
  510. </tr>
  511. <tr>
  512. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  513. <td align="left" colspan="3">Home of GnuPG, only supported major
  514. OpenPGP implementation; Project partner ``Egypt'' (BSI)</td>
  515. </tr>
  516. <tr>
  517. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  518. <td align="left" colspan="3">Cryptography &amp; Security, Business
  519. integration, development</td>
  520. </tr>
  521. <tr>
  522. <td align="center"><b>11</b></td>
  523. <td align="left"><b>Intevation GmbH</b></td>
  524. <td align="left">Germany</td>
  525. <td align="left">http://www.intevation.de</td>
  526. </tr>
  527. <tr>
  528. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  529. <td align="left" colspan="3">Geographic Information Systems,
  530. Strategic Free Software consulting; Project partner ``Egypt''
  531. (BSI)</td>
  532. </tr>
  533. <tr>
  534. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  535. <td align="left" colspan="3">GIS, Business integration, usability
  536. design, development</td>
  537. </tr>
  538. <tr>
  539. <td align="center"><b>12</b></td>
  540. <td align="left"><b>LinuxTag e.V.</b></td>
  541. <td align="left">Germany</td>
  542. <td align="left">http://www.linuxtag.org</td>
  543. </tr>
  544. <tr>
  545. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  546. <td align="left" colspan="3">Largest Free Software event organiser;
  547. Organiser of LinuxTag</td>
  548. </tr>
  549. <tr>
  550. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  551. <td align="left" colspan="3">Events &amp; Conferences,
  552. development</td>
  553. </tr>
  554. <tr>
  555. <td align="center"><b>13</b></td>
  556. <td align="left"><b>MandrakeSoft</b></td>
  557. <td align="left">France</td>
  558. <td align="left">http://www.mandrakesoft.com</td>
  559. </tr>
  560. <tr>
  561. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  562. <td align="left" colspan="3">Producer and publisher of ``Mandrake''
  563. GNU/Linux distribution</td>
  564. </tr>
  565. <tr>
  566. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  567. <td align="left" colspan="3">End-user interaction, packaging,
  568. business integration, development</td>
  569. </tr>
  570. <tr>
  571. <td align="center"><b>14</b></td>
  572. <td align="left"><b>Prosa</b></td>
  573. <td align="left">Italy</td>
  574. <td align="left">http://www.prosa.it</td>
  575. </tr>
  576. <tr>
  577. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  578. <td align="left" colspan="3">Services around GNU/Linux and Free
  579. Software</td>
  580. </tr>
  581. <tr>
  582. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  583. <td align="left" colspan="3">Business integration, development</td>
  584. </tr>
  585. <tr>
  586. <td align="center"><b>15</b></td>
  587. <td align="left"><b>FFS</b></td>
  588. <td align="left">Austria</td>
  589. <td align="left">http://www.ffs.or.at</td>
  590. </tr>
  591. <tr>
  592. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  593. <td align="left" colspan="3">Free Software association furthering
  594. Free Software in Austria</td>
  595. </tr>
  596. <tr>
  597. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  598. <td align="left" colspan="3">Community-interaction &amp; local
  599. competence</td>
  600. </tr>
  601. <tr>
  602. <td align="center"><b>16</b></td>
  603. <td align="left"><b>ffis</b></td>
  604. <td align="left">Germany</td>
  605. <td align="left">http://www.ffis.de</td>
  606. </tr>
  607. <tr>
  608. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  609. <td align="left" colspan="3">Free Software association furthering
  610. Free Software in Germany</td>
  611. </tr>
  612. <tr>
  613. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  614. <td align="left" colspan="3">Community-interaction &amp; local
  615. competence</td>
  616. </tr>
  617. <tr>
  618. <td align="center"><b>17</b></td>
  619. <td align="left"><b>V2</b></td>
  620. <td align="left">Netherlands</td>
  621. <td align="left">http://www.v2.nl</td>
  622. </tr>
  623. <tr>
  624. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  625. <td align="left" colspan="3">Free Software in art, culture,
  626. engineering</td>
  627. </tr>
  628. <tr>
  629. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  630. <td align="left" colspan="3">Multimedia, art, communication,
  631. development</td>
  632. </tr>
  633. <tr>
  634. <td align="center"><b>18</b></td>
  635. <td align="left"><b>VIPS Lab</b></td>
  636. <td align="left">Italy</td>
  637. <td align="left">http://vips.sci.univr.it</td>
  638. </tr>
  639. <tr>
  640. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  641. <td align="left" colspan="3">Coordinator SOb project
  642. IST-2000-25287; Partner ARROV; Organiser COST-G6 Conference in
  643. 2000</td>
  644. </tr>
  645. <tr>
  646. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  647. <td align="left" colspan="3">Computer vision, pattern recognition,
  648. image and sound processing, development</td>
  649. </tr>
  650. <tr>
  651. <td align="center"><b>19</b></td>
  652. <td align="left"><b>[wearlab]@TZi</b></td>
  653. <td align="left">Germany</td>
  654. <td align="left">http://www.wearlab.de</td>
  655. </tr>
  656. <tr>
  657. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  658. <td align="left" colspan="3">Center for mobile/wearable computing
  659. at University of Bremen</td>
  660. </tr>
  661. <tr>
  662. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  663. <td align="left" colspan="3">Mobile/wearable computing,
  664. development</td>
  665. </tr>
  666. <tr>
  667. <td align="center"><b>20</b></td>
  668. <td align="left"><b>werk21</b></td>
  669. <td align="left">Germany</td>
  670. <td align="left">http://www.werk21.de</td>
  671. </tr>
  672. <tr>
  673. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  674. <td align="left" colspan="3">Agency for communication &amp; design,
  675. organiser ``Bundestux''</td>
  676. </tr>
  677. <tr>
  678. <td align="center">&#160;</td>
  679. <td align="left" colspan="3">Publications, material, end-user
  680. integration</td>
  681. </tr>
  682. </table>
  683. <hr />
  684. <h4>Footnotes</h4>
  685. <dl>
  686. <dt><a id="foot244" name="foot244">Open Source Software&#160;</a><a
  687. id="foot244" name="foot244" href="#tex2html1">[*]</a></dt>
  688. <dd>For reasons that can be found online at
  689. <tt>http://fsfeurope.org/documents/whyfs.en.html</tt>, this
  690. document will use Free Software as the preferred term.</dd>
  691. <dt><a id="foot245" name="foot245">Recommendation of the Free Software
  692. Foundation Europe (FSF Europe) and supporting parties for the European
  693. Community framework programme 2002-2006&#160;</a><a id="foot245"
  694. name="foot245" href="#tex2html2">[*]</a></dt>
  695. <dd>Online at <tt>http://fsfeurope.org/activities/policy/fp6/recommendation.html</tt>.</dd>
  696. <dt><a id="foot246" name="foot246">activities in Peru&#160;</a><a
  697. id="foot246" name="foot246" href="#tex2html3">[*]</a></dt>
  698. <dd>For reference, please see the letter by the Peruvian
  699. Congressman Villanueva. Mirrored in several places like
  700. <tt>http://pimientolinux.com/peru2ms/</tt> .</dd>
  701. <dt><a id="foot67" name="foot67">``orphaned'' applications.</a><a
  702. id="foot67" name="foot67" href="#tex2html4">[*]</a></dt>
  703. <dd>``Orphaned'' applications are Free Software programs which have
  704. been abandoned, for various reasons, by their maintainer(s). Some
  705. of them are key elements and their maintenance can be considered a
  706. crucial strategic necessity.</dd>
  707. </dl>
  708. <hr />
  709. </body>
  710. <timestamp>$Date$ $Author$</timestamp>
  711. </html>
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