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+ 1
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@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ maintain the legal aspects of the GNU Project including maintaining
the GPL, LGPL, GFDL licenses or legal documents such as the <a
href="/projects/fla/">Fiduciary Licence Agreement (FLA)</a>,
membership in the FSF cannot be entirely open. Otherwise we'd
jeopardize our ability to defend these against hostile takeover.</p>
jeopardise our ability to defend these against hostile takeover.</p>
<p>Also because of the often highly political and legal nature of our
work, we sometimes need to find a compromise that we may not
be entirely happy with, but that our members are then bound to.</p>

+ 4
- 4
about/legal/template-constitution.en.xhtml View File

@@ -35,8 +35,8 @@ related philosophical and social questions.
<P />
As its acknowledged sister organization, the FSF Europe will join
forces with the Free Software Foundation founded by Richard
M. Stallman in the United States of America. The latter, recognized
tax-exempt charitable organization in the USA, has been dedicating
M. Stallman in the United States of America. The latter, recognised
tax-exempt charitable organisation in the USA, has been dedicating
itself since 1984 to the promotion and distribution of Free software
and in particular the GNU-System, a Unix-like operating system. This
system is mostly known by one of its variants, GNU/Linux, which since
@@ -95,7 +95,7 @@ of the FSF Europe.
<BR />
<P />
Therefore the FSF Europe will seek to increase the use of Free
Software in schools and universities in order to parallelize the
Software in schools and universities in order to parallelise the
education in real space matters with the creation of understanding and
awareness of problems in virtual space.
<BR />
@@ -608,7 +608,7 @@ The general assembly
(1)&nbsp;&nbsp;
In the general assembly, each member that is a natural person, has a
voice. For the practice of the right to vote another member can be
authorized by written message to the executive committee. The
authorised by written message to the executive committee. The
authorisation is to be given for each general assembly separately. A
member cannot practise the right to vote for more than one third of
all members.

+ 2
- 2
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@@ -297,7 +297,7 @@ the European Commission (IST-2001-34879).</p>
recommendation supported by over 50 parties, in which the advantages
of Free Software for Europe are addressed in how they refer to
accepted European goals; concrete recommendations on how Europe can
capitalize on them are given. [<a href="#6" name="ref6">6</a>]</p>
capitalise on them are given. [<a href="#6" name="ref6">6</a>]</p>

<p>Also the FSF Europe is doing work to support the legal fundament of
Free Software, for instance it helped a local institute for legal
@@ -432,7 +432,7 @@ apparently seeks to eliminate concepts and paradigms competing with
the monopoly holders of the proprietary software model. Again, Europe
would be on the losing side.</p>

<h3>Resumé</h3>
<h3>Resum&eacute;</h3>

<p>Free Software as a new paradigm offers a stable, lasting and
sustainable approach with higher dynamics and increased

+ 7
- 7
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@@ -181,7 +181,7 @@ name="SECTION00011000000000000000">Rationale</a></h2>
research and implementation in Free Software on a larger scale can
profit enormously and get a head-start in the information
age.<br />
Other regions are beginning to get ready to capitalize on these
Other regions are beginning to get ready to capitalise on these
advantages, as - for instance - the recent activities in Peru have
shown.&nbsp;<a id="tex2html3" name="tex2html3"
href="#foot246">[*]</a><br />
@@ -269,7 +269,7 @@ further the least competent parties.<br />
</p>

<p>These problems should be addressed and discussed to find a
solution that will allow Europe to capitalize on the advantages of
solution that will allow Europe to capitalise on the advantages of
Free Software in the best and most efficient way.</p>

<h2><a id="SECTION00012000000000000000"
@@ -443,7 +443,7 @@ Aspects</td>
<tr>
<td align="center">&nbsp;</td>
<td align="left" colspan="3">Free Software association furthering
Education; Organizer Libre Software Meeting</td>
Education; Organiser Libre Software Meeting</td>
</tr>

<tr>
@@ -632,8 +632,8 @@ design</td>

<tr>
<td align="center">&nbsp;</td>
<td align="left" colspan="3">Largest Free Software event organizer;
Organizer of LinuxTag</td>
<td align="left" colspan="3">Largest Free Software event organiser;
Organiser of LinuxTag</td>
</tr>

<tr>
@@ -744,7 +744,7 @@ engineering</td>
<tr>
<td align="center">&nbsp;</td>
<td align="left" colspan="3">Coordinator SOb project
IST-2000-25287; Partner ARROV; Organizer COST-G6 Conference in
IST-2000-25287; Partner ARROV; Organiser COST-G6 Conference in
2000</td>
</tr>

@@ -782,7 +782,7 @@ at University of Bremen</td>
<tr>
<td align="center">&nbsp;</td>
<td align="left" colspan="3">Agency for communication &amp; design,
organizer ``Bundestux''</td>
organiser ``Bundestux''</td>
</tr>

<tr>

+ 7
- 7
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@@ -193,7 +193,7 @@ Software on a larger scale can profit enormously and get a
head-start in the information society.<br />
</p>

<p>Other regions are beginning to get ready to capitalize on these
<p>Other regions are beginning to get ready to capitalise on these
advantages, as - for instance - the recent activities in Peru have
shown.&nbsp;<a id="tex2html3" name="tex2html3"
href="#foot246">[*]</a><br />
@@ -254,7 +254,7 @@ further the least competent parties.<br />
</p>

<p>These problems should be addressed and discussed to find a
solution that will allow Europe to capitalize on the advantages of
solution that will allow Europe to capitalise on the advantages of
Free Software in the best and most efficient way.</p>

<h2><a id="SECTION00012000000000000000"
@@ -488,7 +488,7 @@ Aspects</td>
<tr>
<td align="center">&nbsp;</td>
<td align="left" colspan="3">Free Software association furthering
Education; Organizer Libre Software Meeting</td>
Education; Organiser Libre Software Meeting</td>
</tr>

<tr>
@@ -678,8 +678,8 @@ design, development</td>

<tr>
<td align="center">&nbsp;</td>
<td align="left" colspan="3">Largest Free Software event organizer;
Organizer of LinuxTag</td>
<td align="left" colspan="3">Largest Free Software event organiser;
Organiser of LinuxTag</td>
</tr>

<tr>
@@ -792,7 +792,7 @@ development</td>
<tr>
<td align="center">&nbsp;</td>
<td align="left" colspan="3">Coordinator SOb project
IST-2000-25287; Partner ARROV; Organizer COST-G6 Conference in
IST-2000-25287; Partner ARROV; Organiser COST-G6 Conference in
2000</td>
</tr>

@@ -831,7 +831,7 @@ development</td>
<tr>
<td align="center">&nbsp;</td>
<td align="left" colspan="3">Agency for communication &amp; design,
organizer ``Bundestux''</td>
organiser ``Bundestux''</td>
</tr>

<tr>

+ 1
- 1
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@@ -215,7 +215,7 @@ active worldwide.</p>
Europe is well positioned to lead and shape the future development not
only of technologies but also of their impact on our life and work.</p>

<p>If Europe capitalized on this advantage, it could become the global
<p>If Europe capitalised on this advantage, it could become the global
leader in information technology and knowledge economy.</p>



+ 1
- 1
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@@ -113,7 +113,7 @@ terms of</p>

<p>Free Software is clearly a model of the future and Europe already has
an increasingly vibrant Free Software scene unrivaled anywhere in the
world. This gives Europe a very unique chance to capitalize on the
world. This gives Europe a very unique chance to capitalise on the
benefits of Free Software and get a head-start into the knowledge
economy.</p>


+ 4
- 4
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@@ -42,17 +42,17 @@ programme 2002--2006</b>
<h2>About the FSF Europe</h2>

<p>The Free Software Foundation Europe (FSF Europe) is a non-profit NGO,
currently recognized as a charity in Germany, dedicated to all aspects
currently recognised as a charity in Germany, dedicated to all aspects
of Free Software in Europe. It is part of a global network of Free
Software Foundations with the FSF North America (FSF NA), founded in
1985 by Richard M. Stallman, currently being the most prominent sister
organization. Information about the activities of the FSF Europe can
organisation. Information about the activities of the FSF Europe can
be found at <code><a
href="http://fsfeurope.org">http://fsfeurope.org</a></code>.</p>

<p>Since its founding in early 2001, the FSF Europe has already
developed a presence in 7 European countries<sup><a NAME="ref1"
HREF="#fn1">1</a></sup> through its associated organizations<sup><a
HREF="#fn1">1</a></sup> through its associated organisations<sup><a
NAME="ref1" HREF="#fn2">2</a></sup>, local chapters and/or members
from those countries. Presences in other countries are under
development.</p>
@@ -325,7 +325,7 @@ France, Germany, Sweden, Italy, United Kingdom, Austria, Portugal.
</dt>

<dt><a NAME="fn2"></a><sup>2</sup>
There are currently 6 associate organizations.
There are currently 6 associate organisations.
</dt>

</div> <!-- The footer will be inserted here -->

+ 4
- 4
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@@ -89,7 +89,7 @@ system, it is classified primarily as a trading good. It is therefore
to be bought and sold and to be respected for its economic value
before everything else. An ideology that carries within the tendency
to percieve cultural and traditional knowledge mainly as something to
maximize profits from.</p>
maximise profits from.</p>

<p>Having removed the moral obligation for the North to share its
wealth and knowledge, their traditional knowledge trading good will be
@@ -204,8 +204,8 @@ you questioning it from within. Also they will be able to help you
setting up defenses against immediate attacks while the system still
exists in its current state.</p>

<p>At the same time, it will be necessary to avoid legitimizing the
current system and trying to withstand being missionized by the dogma
<p>At the same time, it will be necessary to avoid legitimising the
current system and trying to withstand being missionised by the dogma
that "intellectual property" has become.</p>

<p>Part of that will be to avoid the dangerous and ideologically charged
@@ -218,7 +218,7 @@ areas like copyright and patents exists.</p>
to ask for "benefitting fully and with priority from" your "cultural,
intellectual and so-called natural resources."</p>

<p>This emphasizes the problem and the need for a solution without
<p>This emphasises the problem and the need for a solution without
submitting to the ideology and power-system that is "intellectual
property."</p><br />


+ 2
- 2
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@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@ related philosophical and social questions.
<p>
As its acknowledged sister organization, the FSF Europe will join
forces with the Free Software Foundation founded by Richard
M. Stallman in the United States of America. The latter, recognized
M. Stallman in the United States of America. The latter, recognised
tax-exempt charitable organization in the USA, has been dedicating
itself since 1984 to the promotion and distribution of Free software
and in particular the GNU-System, a Unix-like operating system. This
@@ -84,7 +84,7 @@ of the FSF Europe.
</p>
<p>
Therefore the FSF Europe will seek to increase the use of Free
Software in schools and universities in order to parallelize the
Software in schools and universities in order to parallelise the
education in real space matters with the creation of understanding and
awareness of problems in virtual space.
</p>

+ 8
- 8
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@@ -124,7 +124,7 @@ competitors out of the market.</p>
<p>Another issue also found its end that month. The German ministry of
justice was planning a revision of Copyright law to protect artists
from exploitation by the media industry through mandatory payment for
transfer of rights. Unfortunately, this might have jeopardized the
transfer of rights. Unfortunately, this might have jeopardised the
legal security of commercial Free Software, as Free Software is
considered a gift under German law.</p>

@@ -167,7 +167,7 @@ end of 2002 and originally, there was no mentioning of Free Software.</p>
<p>So the FSF Europe wrote a recommendation [<a href="#13">13</a>] for the 6th framework
programme in which the advantages of Free Software for Europe as a
region and the European countries were explained and in which
suggestions were made as to how to capitalize on them. This suggestion
suggestions were made as to how to capitalise on them. This suggestion
was backed by over 50 parties throughout Europe and filed in April
2002.</p>

@@ -188,7 +188,7 @@ programme. [<a href="#16">16</a>]</p>
1725 million Euro, is available with a preference for Free Software.</p>

<p>The FSF Europe is now working to help consortia for Free Software find
and organize themselves to make sure that as many projects as possible
and organise themselves to make sure that as many projects as possible
will make use of this opportunity. [<a href="#17">17</a>]</p>


@@ -329,8 +329,8 @@ as well as the first GNU pins ever. [<a href="#25">25</a>]</p>

<p>One of the fundamentals of Free Software is that we do not stand
alone. And just like this is true for individuals, the FSF Europe also
believes in this with respect to organizations, which builds the basis
of the associate organization [<a href="#26">26</a>] status.</p>
believes in this with respect to organisations, which builds the basis
of the associate organisation [<a href="#26">26</a>] status.</p>

<p>Current associates are
<ul>
@@ -344,13 +344,13 @@ of the associate organization [<a href="#26">26</a>] status.</p>
<li>OFSET, France [<a href="#34">34</a>]</li>
</ul></p>

<p>The members of these organizations can get directly involved in all
<p>The members of these organisations can get directly involved in all
FSF Europe activities and without them, a lot of the work would not
have been possible.</p>

<p>If you wish to become involved in the FSF Europe, joining one of the
existing associate organizations, making your organization an
associate or creating an associate organization is definitely the most
existing associate organisations, making your organisation an
associate or creating an associate organisation is definitely the most
efficient way.</p>

<pre>

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@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@
Porto Alegre, Brazil and public speeches such as a speech at the
University of Cordoba about Free Software in Education. He was
keynote speaker at the first national Argentinian congress on Free
Software organized by USUARIA in Buenos Aires and the international
Software organised by USUARIA in Buenos Aires and the international
Free Software Forum in Porto Alegre, Brazil.</p>

<p>As laws about Free Software in education and the public sector are

+ 1
- 1
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@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@
<body>
On Monday 29 April 2002, at 6pm in London, we invite you to
join the <i> European Copyright Directive Alert </i>
miniconference. Organized by the <a
miniconference. Organised by the <a
href="http://uk.eurorights.org/">Campaign for Digital Rights
</a> it will explain the dangers of the <a
href="law/eucd/">EUCD</a>. Unless it is stopped before

+ 2
- 2
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@@ -145,7 +145,7 @@
<p>
But when I read the details of their copyright assignment, I
saw major problems. I was asked to assign copyright of
my work that "<i>is, or may in the future be, utilized in the
my work that "<i>is, or may in the future be, utilised in the
SourceForge collaborative software development
platform</i>". The assignment was not limited to my
contribution to the SourceForge code, it potentially covered
@@ -243,7 +243,7 @@
</p>

<p>
<i><a href="mailto:loic@gnu.org">Loïc Dachary</a></i>
<i><a href="mailto:loic@gnu.org">Lo&iuml;c Dachary</a></i>
</p>

<p>

+ 1
- 1
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@@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ Cidade Tecnol
<b>Portuguese Minister of Science and Technology, Mariano Gago.</b>
</center>
<p>
who emphasized the importance of Free Software in governments and the
who emphasised the importance of Free Software in governments and the
</p>
<center>
<img

+ 3
- 3
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@@ -48,7 +48,7 @@ Free Software" campaign is an example of this.</p>
<p align="justify">At the same time we need to make sure the political and legal
processes do not harm Free Software. All our work may be destroyed
instantly by a law ruling Free Software illegal. This danger is more
real than most people realize and only constant and enduring work can
real than most people realise and only constant and enduring work can
prevent such things from happening. </p>

<p align="justify">Therefore we work as a competence center for politics, lawyers and
@@ -175,7 +175,7 @@ share their experience.</p>

<p align="justify">It would be very useful to bring all these initiatives together at
some point to discuss the issues in person - if we find volunteers to
organize it, we would be glad to support such a summit next year.</p>
organise it, we would be glad to support such a summit next year.</p>

<p align="justify">The FSF Europe itself advocates the importance and advantages of Free
Software to politicians at every opportunity.</p>
@@ -263,7 +263,7 @@ investigation against Microsoft to make sure that EU officials get
proper information about Free Software and to pledge for open markets,
which inevitably means Free Software.</p>

<p align="justify">I can only emphasize that although Microsoft makes a very visible
<p align="justify">I can only emphasise that although Microsoft makes a very visible
target, they are not the big devil. They are the natural consequence
of a system based on proprietary software.</p>


+ 4
- 4
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@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@

<p>
Friday 26 April, <a href="http://www.lilit.be/">LiLiT</a> (<a href="http://dyn.teuwen.org/gallery/lilit">pictures</a>),
organized its first conference. Belgium is a small country
organised its first conference. Belgium is a small country
with a remarkably high number of GNU/Linux user groups.
Unlike many others LiLiT is not only focused on the technical
side of GNU/Linux: philosophy and political activism is on
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@
Alexandre Dulaunoy, activist of the <a
href="http://www.ael.be/">AEL</a> explained the evolution of
the legal system and its impact on software freedom. The AEL
is a democratic non-profit organization and Alexandre
is a democratic non-profit organisation and Alexandre
self-chosen activity is to understand copyright, software
patents, WIPO. The most remarkable part of his speech was on
EUCD (which is an implementation of Article 11 of <a
@@ -83,7 +83,7 @@
href="http://uk.eurorights.org/">Campaign for Digital
Rights</a>. João wrote a good analysis of EUCD, Alexandre
published sample letters to send to political persons and
Campaign for Digital Rights organizes mini conferences. They
Campaign for Digital Rights organises mini conferences. They
are all talking to officials in their countries to explain
them the dangers of EUCD.
</p>
@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@

<p>
I kept this report short and focused on EUCD on purpose.
Alexandre made me realize the urgency in this matter during
Alexandre made me realise the urgency in this matter during
the LiLiT conference. I was stuned and ashamed to have
overlooked this subject in the past months. Texts were too
long to read, legal explanations were too hard to figure

+ 1
- 1
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@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
<h1>Newsletters</h1>

<p>
From time to time, the FSF Europe issues a newsletter that summarizes its
From time to time, the FSF Europe issues a newsletter that summarises its
most important activities.
</p>


+ 1
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@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@
<li><b>What does the <a href="license.html">AGNULA trademark
license</a> say?</b><br /><br /> The <a href="license.html">AGNULA
trademark license</a> is public, so you can read it for yourself.<br
/>If you wish to see its effect summarized: It allows anyone to freely
/>If you wish to see its effect summarised: It allows anyone to freely
use the AGNULA name and logo -- as well as modifications of it -- for
any kind of commercial distribution, product or service, <b>as long as
it is entirely <a href="/documents/freesoftware.html">Free

+ 1
- 1
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@@ -79,7 +79,7 @@ you agree to the following terms and conditions:
<li>5. Sub-licensing is not permitted under this license.</li>

<li>6. The Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE) and its acknowledged
sister organizations shall be authorized to monitor license
sister organisations shall be authorised to monitor license
infringements regarding Your compliance with these requirements.</li>

<li>7. FSFE shall only be liable for any lack of title in the trade mark,

+ 2
- 2
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@@ -205,7 +205,7 @@
graphics and images of funny animals and materials. Actually
an KDEedu contributor offers the generation of 3D images at
programmers option. But there are sounds and noises to
utilize for someone, too. But I think the people of KDEedu
utilise for someone, too. But I think the people of KDEedu
would surely be happy if someone adds anymore creative stuff
to the already existing one. So you don't have to implicitly
be a programmer contributing to Free Software. In the last
@@ -262,7 +262,7 @@
<p>With a little program or scripts and (La)TeX it wouldn't
be as diffcult to automatically generated such worksheets: A
random number generator creates numbers between 1 and 12
which are summarized pairwise to multiplication exercises and
which are summarised pairwise to multiplication exercises and
they are braced up to a block with LaTex and the
multiplication sign (middle point) which can be printed. The
teacher only have to invoke the program in the console and

+ 3
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@@ -169,7 +169,7 @@
edux.ch, the <a
href="http://www.edux.ch/forum/index.php?f=0">Forum [16]</a>.
So far three active forums and a test-forum are arranged. You
can discuss and criticize about themes in the context of Free
can discuss and criticise about themes in the context of Free
Software at schools in the forums "Linux im Bildungsbereich"
(Linux at school), "Fragen zu Linux-Software" (questions
about linux software) and "Anregungen und Kritik an ALIS"
@@ -250,7 +250,7 @@
have alwasy to make lists with complying words. For the
hacker next door it would be easy to write a program or
script which searches words out of a text, given or searched
in the internet, and packetizes in a list. Perhaps even
in the internet, and packetises in a list. Perhaps even
making a worksheet yet ?!? I concede this month's idea isn't
far thought respectively worked out. But let you flow your
neurons and surprise the readers of the next edition with
@@ -259,7 +259,7 @@
<p>At the end I still want to ask for reports for a new
section in this column. At the next or the next but one time
I want initiate a new section beneath the existing three
reporting about already realized projects at schools and
reporting about already realised projects at schools and
migration to free software and/or GNU/Linux. If you don't
want to write your own report you can answer to the questions
next released under <a

+ 4
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@@ -119,7 +119,7 @@
pictures are saved in a directory called
<tt>.tuxpaint/saved</tt> which is always situated in the own
home directory. The pictures are filed in the PNG format which
is a free and standardized format. Even easier is printing. You
is a free and standardised format. Even easier is printing. You
have to simply click on <i>Print</i> and the picture gets
printed, provided that mum or dad installed the printer
correctly.</p>
@@ -196,7 +196,7 @@
href="http://wiki.debian.net/JuniorPackages">Meta packages
[23]</a> which are packages containing thematically sorted
programs. Furthermore they want to provide means for parents
and administrators too to customize the system to the new
and administrators too to customise the system to the new
target group's needs. Of course as usual with Free Software
Debian Jr. cooperates with related projects, such as, for
example, the <a href="http://www.seul.org/edu">SEUL/edu
@@ -349,7 +349,7 @@

<p>Although some time has passed, I want to mention it here
once again. At the end of October 2002 the <a
href="http://www.ofset.org">OFSET - Organization for Free
href="http://www.ofset.org">OFSET - Organisation for Free
Software in Education and Teaching [39]</a> released the first
version of <a
href="http://www.ofset.org/projects/edusoft/edusoft.html">Freeduc
@@ -511,7 +511,7 @@
href="http://www.bsi.de/produkte/knoppix/index.htm">Page of
Knoppix on the homepage of the BSI</a><br />
[39] <a href="http://www.ofset.org">The homepage of the OFSET
- Organization for Free Software in Education and Teaching:
- Organisation for Free Software in Education and Teaching:
www.ofset.org</a><br />
[40] <a
href="http://www.ofset.org/projects/edusoft/edusoft.html">The

+ 1
- 1
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@@ -67,7 +67,7 @@
owners to enforce those terms of use can limit rights as basic as
freedom of speech. The most recent example is Microsoft Frontpage
2002's latest End-User License Agreement (EULA) that prohibits the
usage of the software to create sites that criticize Microsoft or
usage of the software to create sites that criticise Microsoft or
any of its subsidiaries.
</li>
</ul>

+ 3
- 4
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@@ -42,7 +42,7 @@ handled by the Copyright Assignment mentioned above.</p>

<h3>Effect</h3>

<p>The effects of the Fiduciary Licence Agreement can be summarized as
<p>The effects of the Fiduciary Licence Agreement can be summarised as
follows:
<ul>
<li>Transferral of Copyright/Exclusive Exploitation rights to the FSF
@@ -62,9 +62,8 @@ href="http://www.ifross.de">ifross</a>) and Georg Greve (<a
href="http://fsfeurope.org">FSF Europe</a>) in consultation with
others who take interest in the legal security of Free Software. At
some time involved in the process were Prof. Eben Moglen, RA Thorsten
Feldmann, LL.M., Werner Koch, Alessandro Rubini, Reinhard Müller and
Feldmann, LL.M., Werner Koch, Alessandro Rubini, Reinhard M&uuml;ller and
others.</p>

<h3>Usage</h3>

<p>The Fiduciary Licence Agreement (FLA) is Copyright 2002, 2003 Free
@@ -85,7 +84,7 @@ href="/help/help.html">volunteer contribution</a> and <a
href="/help/donate.html">donations</a>, so this will need to be
decided upon a case to case basis.</p>

<p>If you are another Free Software organization that wishes to adopt
<p>If you are another Free Software organisation that wishes to adopt
the Fiduciary Licence Agreement to increase the legal standing of your
own projects, please also write to <code><a
href="mailto:fla@fsfeurope.org">fla@fsfeurope.org</a></code>.</p>

+ 8
- 8
projects/mankind/lsm2002/press-release.en.xhtml View File

@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@
</p>

<div align="center">
<h1>UNESCO responds to the request from the Free Software
<h1>UNESCO responds to the request from the Free Software
community to inscribe Free Software to the World Heritage List.</h1>
</div>
<p align="justify">
@@ -29,10 +29,10 @@ community to inscribe Free Software to the World Heritage List.</h1>
specialists gathered at the ENSEIRB on the campus of the University of
Bordeaux&nbsp;I (France) for a full week of promotion and sharing around
Free Software during the Libre Software Meeting from the 9th to the 13th of July.
M. Abdoulaye Diakité attended the last plenary session as the
M. Abdoulaye Diakit&eacute; attended the last plenary session as the
representant of UNESCO. M. Richard Stallman, founder of the Free Software
Foundation, and a group of Free Software developers gave officially to M.
Diakité copies of GNU and Abuledu software and Debian system, of all which is
Diakit&eacute; copies of GNU and Abuledu software and Debian system, of all which is
Free Software.
</p>
<p align="justify">
@@ -44,16 +44,16 @@ needs. Thus, Free Software contributes to ensure the protection of local
cultures, multinlingualism, development and conservation of information.
</p>
<p align="justify">
This is the reason why UNESCO, an organization who defends the same
values, was eager to respond to the invitation of the Free Software
This is the reason why UNESCO, an organisation who defends the same
values, was eager to respond to the invitation of the Free Software
community and to take part in the LSM. &quot;UNESCO has always encouraged
the extension and the diffusion of knowledge and recognizes that in
the extension and the diffusion of knowledge and recognises that in
the field of software, Free Software spreads this knowledge in the way
that proprietary software does not allow. UNESCO also recognizes that
that proprietary software does not allow. UNESCO also recognises that
the development of Free Software encourages solidarity, cooperation
and community teamwork between developers and users of new technologies&quot;.
Declared M. Adbul Waheed Khan, from the UNESCO Communication and Information
Department, in his letter to the organizers of the event.
Department, in his letter to the organisers of the event.
</p>
<p align="justify">
So, by symbolically receiving the work of many thousands of developers,

+ 2
- 2
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@@ -91,7 +91,7 @@ href="http://www.abul.org">ABUL</a> president). The objective is to have Free
Secondly, independence of companies. Not just market shares, consumers or
shareholders. Finally, independence of political parties. And no frantic
pursuit of profit in contempt of everything else, no obligation to release
unfinalized versions. Even if a government, a company or a party develops
unfinalised versions. Even if a government, a company or a party develops
a free software, user freedoms are protected and everybody can carry on with
the project in their own way if necessary.</p>

@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ href="http://www.abul.org">ABUL</a> president). The objective is to have Free
href="http://www.unesco.org.uy/informatica/consorcio/index.html">actions in
Latin America</a>.</p>

<p>Group leader: Benoît Sibaud (bsibaud@april.org)</p>
<p>Group leader: Beno&icirc;t Sibaud (bsibaud@april.org)</p>
</div> <!-- The footer will be inserted here -->

Last update:

+ 1
- 1
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@@ -138,7 +138,7 @@ the dangers of software patents and asking your government to
fight for innovation and against software patents.</li><br />
<li>3. Contacting the papers in your region/in your professional
environment. Journalists have influence - but they first have to
recognize that you take this problem very seriously!</li><br />
recognise that you take this problem very seriously!</li><br />
<li>4. Supporting us with your donation: information on how to donate
is available at <a
href="/help/donate.html">http://www.fsfeurope.org/help/donate.html</a>

+ 1
- 1
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@@ -44,7 +44,7 @@
the EU) has granted about 30,000 software patents <i>despite the fact
they are disallowed by the European Patent Convention</i>, on the other
hand, a directive on the "patentability of computer implemented
inventions" is being prepared with the intent to legalize those
inventions" is being prepared with the intent to legalise those
(granted, but currently not legally valid) patents.
</p>


+ 22
- 22
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@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ implies the full integration, concrete application and enforcement of
civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including
labour rights, the right to development, as well as the principle of
non-discrimination. The universality, indivisibility, interrelatedness
and interdependence of all human rights should be clearly recognized,
and interdependence of all human rights should be clearly recognised,
together with their centrality to democracy and the rule of law.</p>

<p>All Principles of the Declaration and all activities in the Action
@@ -72,24 +72,24 @@ requiring that everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and
expression and the right to seek, receive and impart information and
ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.</p>

<h3>3. Poverty reduction and the Right to Development</h3>
<h3>3.Poverty reduction and the Right to Development</h3>

<p>Given the unequal distribution of wealth among and within nations,
the struggle against poverty should be the top priority on the agenda
of the World Summit on the Information Society.  It is not possible to
the struggle against poverty should be the top priority on theagenda
of the World Summit on the Information Society. It is not possible to
achieve sustainable development by embracing new communication
technologies without challenging existing inequalities.</p>

<p>Civil society organisations from different parts of the world unite
in their call to governments to take this matter very seriously.  We
in their call to governments to take this matter very seriously. We
want to emphasise that challenging poverty requires more than setting
of 'development agendas'. It requires the commitment of significant
of 'development agendas'.It requires the commitment of significant
financial and other resources, linked with social and digital
solidarity, channeled through existing and new financing mechanisms
that are managed transparently and inclusively of all sectors of
society.</p>

<h3>4. Sustainable development</h3>
<h3>4.Sustainable development</h3>

<p>An equitable Information Society must be shaped by the needs of
people and communities and based on sustainable economic, social
@@ -202,9 +202,9 @@ sharing of information and resources. This should be people-centered
and process-orientated, rather than technologically determined and
expert dominated.</p>

<h3>9. Governance and enabling environment</h3>
<h3>9.Governance and enabling environment</h3>

<h3>9.1 Democratic governance</h3>
<h3>9.1Democratic governance</h3>
<p>Good governance in a democratic society implies openness,
transparency, accountability, and compliance with the rule of
law. Respect for these principles is needed to enforce the right to
@@ -233,24 +233,24 @@ community media are non-discriminatory and provide for equitable
allocation of frequencies through transparent and accountable
mechanisms.</p>

<h3>9.4 Internet governance</h3>
<h3>9.4Internet governance</h3>
<p>The global governance of ICT must be based on the values of open
participation, inclusiveness, transparency, and democratic
accountability. It should establish and support universal
participation in addressing new international policy and technical
issues raised by the Internet and ICT.  No single body and no single
issues raised by the Internet and ICT. No single body and no single
stakeholder group is able to manage all of the issues alone. Many
stakeholders, cooperating in strict accordance with widely supported
rules and procedures, must define the global agenda.</p>

<p>The non-government sector has played a historically critical role
in Internet Governance, and this must be recognized. The strength of
in Internet Governance, and this must be recognised. The strength of
the Internet as an open non-Government platform should be reinforced,
with an explicit and stronger role for Civil Society.  The role of
with an explicit and stronger role for Civil Society. The role of
Governments should be no greater than that of any other stakeholder
group.</p>

<h3>10 Public Domain of Global Knowledge</h3>
<h3>10Public Domain of Global Knowledge</h3>

<h3>10.1 Limited intellectual monopolies</h3>
<p>Human knowledge, including the knowledge of all peoples and
@@ -263,7 +263,7 @@ encourage creativity and innovation. The benchmark against which they
must be reviewed and adjusted regularly is how well they fulfill their
purpose.</p>

<h3>10.2 Free Software</h3>
<h3>10.2Free Software</h3>
<p>Software is the cultural technique of the digital age and access to
it determines who may participate in a digital world. Free Software
with its freedoms of use for any purpose, studying, modification and
@@ -277,15 +277,15 @@ and economic benefits and opportunities.</p>
<p>Today, more than 80% of mankind has no access to the reservoir of
human knowledge that is the public domain and from which our new
knowledge is created. Their intellectual power remains
uninitialized and consequently unused, lost to all humankind. The
uninitialised and consequently unused, lost to all humankind. The
reservoir of human knowledge must be made equally available to all in
online and  offline media by means of Free Documentation, public
libraries and other initiatives to disseminate information.</p>
online and offline media by means of Free Documentation, public
libraries andother initiatives to disseminate information.</p>

<h3>10.4 Open access to scientific information</h3>
<p>Free scientific information is a requirement for sustainable
development. Science is the source of the technological
development that empowers the Information Society, including the World
development that empowers the Information Society, including the World
Wide Web. In the best tradition of science, scientific authors donate
their work to humankind and therefore, it must be equally available to
all, on the Web, in online Open Access journals and online Open
@@ -297,12 +297,12 @@ Archives.</p>
<p>Definitions of criminal and terrorist purposes in existing and
emerging policies and legislation are ambiguous and prevent the use of
information resources for legitimate purposes. The legitimate need for
infrastructure integrity must avoid shift to the highly politicized
agenda characterized by language referring to the integrity of the
infrastructure integrity must avoid shift to the highly politicised
agenda characterised by language referring to the integrity of the
military field and the use of information resources for criminal and
terrorist purposes. </p>

<h3>11.2 Right to privacy</h3>
<h3>11.2 Right to privacy</h3>
<p>The right to privacy should be affirmed in the context of the
information society. It must be defended in public spaces, online,
offline, at home and in the workplace. Every person must have the

+ 11
- 11
projects/wsis/debriefing-geneva.en.xhtml View File

@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@ irony given the topic of the summit -- adequate network access.</p>

<p>This however qualified as uniquely favorable treatment in
comparison with those Civil Society participants who were trying to
organize alternative events outside the Palexo premises and were
organise alternative events outside the Palexo premises and were
removed by Geneva riot police from the rooms they had rented under
adaptable legal excuses. A peaceful public protest on the last day was
also stopped by the police before it began.</p>
@@ -90,7 +90,7 @@ geography, gender, topic and prior involvement, that list was largely
ignored by the WSIS secretariat.</p>

<p>So when Civil Society was informed Dec 1st, 2003 by the secretariat
who was to speak in its name during the summit, it had to realize that
who was to speak in its name during the summit, it had to realise that
most of the names on that list were unbeknownst to them and even
included one mayor of a city, who was apparently to speak in the name
of Civil Society.</p>
@@ -100,7 +100,7 @@ message of Civil Society while playing into the hands of such
divisionary tactics, did Civil Society not react to this
officially. It is unlikely Civil Society would remain silent about
repetition of such a demonstration of disrespect for its active
members and self-organized structures.</p>
members and self-organised structures.</p>

<p>So the way towards Tunisia and the summit in Tunis will show
whether we come closer to tripartism by allowing Civil Society to
@@ -188,16 +188,16 @@ information societies in particular.</p>

<p>Central paragraphs dealing with access to the public domain of
global knowledge adopted on Dec 12th, 2003 are <ul> <b>Declaration of
Principles</b> §24: <em>"The ability for all to access and contribute
Principles</b> 24: <em>"The ability for all to access and contribute
information, ideas and knowledge is essential in an inclusive
Information Society."</em> </ul> <ul> <b>Declaration of Principles</b>
§25: <em>"The sharing and strengthening of global knowledge for
25: <em>"The sharing and strengthening of global knowledge for
development can be enhanced by removing barriers to equitable access
to information for economic, social, political, health, cultural,
educational, and scientific activities and by facilitating access to
public domain information, including by universal design and the use
of assistive technologies."</em> </ul> <ul> <b>Declaration of
Principles</b> §26: <em>"A rich public domain is an essential element
Principles</b> 26: <em>"A rich public domain is an essential element
for the growth of the Information Society, creating multiple benefits
such as an educated public, new jobs, innovation, business
opportunities, and the advancement of sciences. Information in the
@@ -244,7 +244,7 @@ personal discussions and drafts for compromise text.</p>

<p>The paragraphs dealing with the issue as they have been adopted on
December 12th are:
<ul> <b>Declaration of Principles</b> §42: <em>"Intellectual Property
<ul> <b>Declaration of Principles</b> 42: <em>"Intellectual Property
protection is important to encourage innovation and creativity in the
Information Society; similarly, the wide dissemination, diffusion, and
sharing of knowledge is important to encourage innovation and
@@ -267,7 +267,7 @@ knowledge."</em></ul>

<p>While it can and should be criticised that the paragraphs are using
the ideologically charged and misleading terminology of "intellectual
property" and contain a good load of fuzzyness, it should be realized
property" and contain a good load of fuzzyness, it should be realised
that they are a step forward, albeit a small one.</p>

<p>As they stand, they still neglect that all monopolization of
@@ -319,7 +319,7 @@ essential building block for an empowering, sustainable and inclusive
information society.</p>

<p>The paragraphs adopted for this on December 12th were
<ul> <b>Declaration of Principles</b> §27: <em>"Access to information
<ul> <b>Declaration of Principles</b> 27: <em>"Access to information
and knowledge can be promoted by increasing awareness among all
stakeholders of the possibilities offered by different software
models, including proprietary, open-source and free software, in order
@@ -387,7 +387,7 @@ cooperation.</p>

<p>Unfortunately, the paragraphs adopted for standardization adopted
on Dec 12th were insufficient: <ul> <b>Declaration of Principles</b>
§44: <em>"Standardization is one of the essential building blocks of
44: <em>"Standardization is one of the essential building blocks of
the Information Society. There should be particular emphasis on the
development and adoption of international standards. The development
and use of open, interoperable, non-discriminatory and demand-driven
@@ -422,7 +422,7 @@ best tradition of science, scientific authors donate their work to
humankind and access to that information is crucial.</p>

<p>The paragraphs mention this explicitly in<ul>
<b>Declaration of Principles</b> §28: <em>"We strive to promote
<b>Declaration of Principles</b> 28: <em>"We strive to promote
universal access with equal opportunities for all to scientific
knowledge and the creation and dissemination of scientific and
technical information, including open access initiatives for

+ 3
- 3
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@@ -45,13 +45,13 @@ into the official German delegation, which finally consisted of</p>
<li>Dietmar Plesse, BMWA (Ministry of Economy and Labour), Delegate</li>
<li>Christin Maier, AA (Ministry of Foreign Affairs), Delegate</li>
<li>Susanne Zeller, German Commission for UNESCO, Delegate</li>
<li>Dr. Rainer Händel, BITKOM, Siemens, Advisor</li>
<li>Dr. Rainer H&auml;ndel, BITKOM, Siemens, Advisor</li>
<li>Georg C. F. Greve, Civil Societies, Advisor</li>
</ul>

<h3>Procedural Overview</h3>

<p>After the president of the PrepCom, Mr. Adama Samassékou, opened the
<p>After the president of the PrepCom, Mr. Adama Samass&eacute;kou, opened the
session, Mrs. Lyndal Shope-Mafole from South Africa was elected
chairperson of the intersessional meeting.</p>

@@ -294,7 +294,7 @@ terminology to refer to Free Software.</p>


<p>Particularly the question of industrial control of information --
usually summarized under the acronym IPR, suitably expanded as
usually summarised under the acronym IPR, suitably expanded as
"Intellectual Poverty Rights" -- will become crucial for the
information and knowledge society.</p>


+ 3
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@@ -50,9 +50,9 @@ Stallman</a>, founder of the Free Software Foundation.</p>

<li><b>18:45</b> Pierre Ouedraogo (?)<br />(Chair: Francis Muguet)</li><br />

<li><b>19:15</b> Theo Bondolfi, <a href="http://www.ynternet.org">Ynternet.org</a><br />(Chair: Loic Dachary)</li><br />
<li><b>19:15</b> Theo Bondolfi, <a href="http://www.ynternet.org">Ynternet.org</a><br />(Chair: Lo&iuml;c Dachary)</li><br />

<li><b>19:45</b> Discussion<br />(Moderator: Loic Dachary)</li><br />
<li><b>19:45</b> Discussion<br />(Moderator: Lo&iuml;c Dachary)</li><br />

<li><b>20:00</b> Richard Stallman, FSF, Concluding Remarks</li><br />
</ul>
@@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ Stallman</a>, founder of the Free Software Foundation.</p>
</ul>
</ul>

<p>Organizers : <a href="/about/greve/">Georg C.F. Greve</a>, <a href="http://www.dachary.org/loic/">Loic Dachary</a>, <a href="http://www.muguet.org/">Dr. Francis Muguet</a></p>
<p>Organisers : <a href="/about/greve/">Georg C.F. Greve</a>, <a href="http://www.dachary.org/loic/">Lo&iuml;c Dachary</a>, <a href="http://www.muguet.org/">Dr. Francis Muguet</a></p>

<!-- End page content -->


+ 4
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@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ form of balance.</p>
<p>Putting forward the simplistic notion that more monopolies always mean
more creation, implied in phrases like: "Intellectual property
protection is essential to encourage the innovation and creativity in
the Information Society." (§38, Oct 24th 2003 Non-Paper by
the Information Society." (38, Oct 24th 2003 Non-Paper by
Mr. Samassekou) are ignoring the experience of millennia of human
creativity where no such monopolies existed.</p>

@@ -116,7 +116,7 @@ essential to the Information Society."</p>

<p>Instead, we find statements like: "This balance is reflected by
protection and flexibilities included in existing Intellectual
Property agreements, and should be maintained." (§38, Oct 24th 2003
Property agreements, and should be maintained." (38, Oct 24th 2003
Non-Paper by Mr. Samassekou) in the declaration of principles. A
statement putting forward the notion that the current situation with
appropriation of indigenous knowledge, digital divide and cultural
@@ -175,9 +175,9 @@ versions of the application we are using.</p>
<p>The only way to solve these problems are Open Standards, which make
the language of the Information Societies transparent and equally
available to all. Therefore the importance of standardization is
widely recognized by all participants to the WSIS,
widely recognised by all participants to the WSIS,
e.g. "Standardization is one of the essential building blocks of the
Information Society." (§40, Oct 24th 2003 Non-Paper by
Information Society." (40, Oct 24th 2003 Non-Paper by
Mr. Samassekou).</p>

<p>Unfortunately, no phrasing found in the WSIS documents so far would

+ 1
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projects/wsis/project.en.xml View File

@@ -5,7 +5,7 @@
<title>World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS)</title>
<description>
The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS)
is a UN conference organized by the ITU at which important cornerstones for
is a UN conference organised by the ITU at which important cornerstones for
the information and knowledge society should be laid. The FSF Europe is
participating along with other civil societies to make sure that the
principles of the digital age are not determined by media industry and

+ 2
- 2
projects/wsis/wsis.en.xhtml View File

@@ -15,7 +15,7 @@
</center>

<p>The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) is a UN
conference organized by the ITU at which important cornerstones for
conference organised by the ITU at which important cornerstones for
the information and knowledge society should be laid. The FSF Europe
is participating along with other civil societies to make sure that
the principles of the digital age are not determined by media industry
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@ Greve</a> about questions raised for Indigenous Peoples by the
<li><a href="issues.html">Fighting intellectual poverty</a><br /> (Who
owns and controls the information societies?)<ul>Article by <a
href="/about/greve/">Georg Greve</a> for a publication of the <a
href="http://www.boell.de">Heinrich Böll Foundation</a> on the World
href="http://www.boell.de">Heinrich B&ouml;ll Foundation</a> on the World
Summit on the Information Society (WSIS).</ul></li><br />

<li><a href="cs-benchmarks.html">CS Essential Benchmarks for

+ 3
- 3
server/webmaster-HOWTO.txt View File

@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
$Id: webmaster-HOWTO.txt,v 1.6 2001-08-27 22:40:52 olberger Exp $
$Id: webmaster-HOWTO.txt,v 1.7 2004-07-18 22:54:26 now3d Exp $

This document is a HOWTO for any volunteer interested in acting as a
webmaster for the FSF Europe website (www.fsfeurope.org).
@@ -144,7 +144,7 @@ Example :
toto.xhtml

In this example, the file toto.xhtml was patched several times (typo
for instance) coming from the 1.2 revision stabilized on 20010825,
for instance) coming from the 1.2 revision stabilised on 20010825,
while it was modified in parallel on the main trunk in the beta
version.

@@ -265,7 +265,7 @@ version of the site :
The file titi, which was added on the stable version only now
disappears. That's where we have to be carefull : too many additions
on the stable branch instead of additions on the beta will make it
harder to keep synchronized... creating a news stable version before
harder to keep synchronised... creating a news stable version before
out of the beta might be better...

We now want to add a new file (tutu) on the beta version

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